Main categories of AI
Definitions of AI are not clearly described and cannot be explained in one sentence. Nick Bostrom, a Swedish philosopher who is affiliated with the University of Oxford, uses a classification in relation to human intelligence. Almost all current AI applications fall into the Artificial Narrow Intelligence category (weak AI).
Typical for this category of AI is that it specializes in one specific area. Early
detection of dementia, predicting lung cancer, predicting the outcomes of a patient in Intensive Care, detection of abnormal cells in pathology and recognizing dermatological abnormalities are some examples of applications of
AI in healthcare covered by weak AI. These applications are not yet widely used. However, the potential is high, because AI at this level increases the quality of care and saves time for the caregiver and the patient.
Almost all current AI applications in healthcare make use of machine learning technology . Machine learning gives systems the opportunity to learn and improve themselves on the basis of previous experiences. Deep learning is a specific form of this technique. Deep learning is suitable for recognizing highly detailed patterns such as specific abnormalities on a CT scan.
AI is a promising development, but to be able to apply AI safely and responsibly on a large scale in healthcare, issues must be resolved. For example, data must be of sufficient quantitative and qualitative level for reliable results, even if they come from different sources. There are also ethical challenges: who is ultimately responsible for a decision when an algorithm is wrong?
If you have any questions about the ' Artificial intelligence in healthcare ' report, please contact Jacqueline Nell (06 143 363 59, firstname.lastname@example.org ). If you have questions about AI in general, you can contact Frauke Wouda, MD ( email@example.com ) and Henk Hutink, MBA ( firstname.lastname@example.org ).